A bind-off (also called “cast-off”) is what you do at the end of every project to get the knitting off your needles.
KnitFreedom is your one-stop source for bind-off tutorials. JSSBO, matching bind-offs to cast-ons, bind-offs for lace, stretchy bind-offs... you'll find them all here.
Video Knitting Course: I Love Bind-Offs
"This guide makes it possible to find the perfect bind-off for any project & to approach the end of a project with confidence." -Sarah E. White, Editor of About.com Knitting
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Blog Post: What I Learned From Knitting 200 Bind-OffsBy Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs / March 3, 2014 / 317 Comments
To create the new I Love Bind-Offs video class, I didn’t want to just record videos of bind-offs that other people chose for their books, or pass on to you what they said without testing everything for myself. I ended up knitting over 200 bind-offs so that I could offer you what no other resource does — my opinion. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Off Tips and Tricks, Bind-Offs, Tips and Tricks / February 6, 2014 / 276 Comments
This is a simple move to neaten the last stitch of your bind-off every time you finish a project. It’s a little superstar trick that you do at the very end that will square up your edges, especially if your side stitches tend to get stretched-out. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs / March 5, 2014 / 204 Comments
Stretchy bind-offs, seaming bind-offs, invisible bind-offs, bind-offs for lace and garter stitch… they’re all here. This post lets you view and compare all the bind-offs featured in my I Love Bind-Offs video course, available now. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Off Tips and Tricks, Bind-Offs, Magic Loop, Tips and Tricks / February 13, 2014 / 172 Comments
Every single time you’re binding off in the round, use this trick to make the join completely disappear. No one will be able to tell where you started and where you stopped. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs, World Travels / July 27, 2012 / 155 Comments
This bind-off combines three things you love about socks, but couldn’t have all together until now: a picot edge, a hemmed edge, and the ability to do it on toe-up socks. Here’s how to create a picot hemmed edge at the end of your knitting. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs, Bind-Offs for Garter Stitch / February 24, 2014 / 101 Comments
The ideal bind-off for garter stitch is stretchy but not too stretchy, a good match to garter stitch’s horizontal bumps, and fast and easy. The Icelandic Bind-Off ticks all the boxes. The Latvian and EZ Sewn bind-offs also get the treatment here. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs, Bind-Offs for Lace, Lace / February 20, 2014 / 88 Comments
A standard bind-off is just too firm to use as a bind-off on lace. That’s why patterns tell you to “bind off loosely.” But I have a better solution for you: The Frilled Standard Bind-Off. It’s fast, easy, you can block it and stretch it, and it fits perfectly with scalloped and straight edges. Read Post »
Blog Post: 5 Ways to Fix A Too-Tight Bind-OffBy Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs, Fix Knitting Mistakes / February 26, 2014 / 35 Comments
A too-tight bind-off is the Achilles’ heel of the perfect knitted project. It’s the most common complaint I get about bind-offs. Here’s how to avoid and/or fix a too-tight bind-off. Read Post »
Blog Post: The Invisible Ribbed Bind Off For 1×1 RibBy Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs / September 1, 2010 / 34 Comments
The Invisible Ribbed Bind-Off is a must-learn, intermediate bind-off technique. It is a sewn bind-off that will also help you learn Kitchener stitch (the seaming bind-off). The included video and illustration help you understand clearly how to do it. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs / November 25, 2011 / 32 Comments
The yarnover bind-off, invented by Eunny Jang, is the easiest of the stretchy bind-offs. It uses yarnovers to add extra stitches in between the bind-off stitches. Learning this bind-off will make other, more complex bind-offs come more easily to you. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs, Finishing, World Travels / September 2, 2011 / 21 Comments
Russian Grafting is a clever alternative to Kitchener stitch. It uses a crochet hook to seam up two live edges of knitting without ever having to get out your tapestry needle. It also creates a decorative, criss-crossed finish. Read Post »
Blog Post: The Best Stretchy Bind-Off for Toe-Up Socks: Jeny’s Surprisingly Stretchy Bind-Off (JSSBO)By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs, Liat Interviews Others, Socks, Stretchy/Ribbed Bind-Offs, Toe-Up Socks / May 19, 2019 / 16 Comments
I recommend Jeny’s Surprisingly Stretchy Bind-Off (JSSBO) for binding off on toe-up socks. It is easy to memorize, easy to do, stretchy, and fast. JSSBO works with any rib pattern (1×1, 2×2, etc.). Includes an interview with JSSBO inventor Jeny Staiman. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs / February 18, 2011 / 14 Comments
Nice shoulders! Ha ha. The 3-needle bind-off makes a strong and secure seam for sweater shoulders and anywhere you need to seam up knitting. Handling 3 needles at once is the only thing that makes it a bit tricky. Here I show you how to do it easily. Read Post »
By Liat Gat – Founder / Advanced Knitting, Bind-Offs / June 4, 2019 / 13 Comments
The Tulips Buttonhole by TechKnitter is a perfectly-formed, sturdy knit buttonhole with even cast-on and bind-off edges. It is so worth learning to do. This post includes free video and step-by-step photo instructions. Read Post »
Blog Post: How To Bind Off In PatternBy Liat Gat – Founder / Bind-Offs / April 19, 2011 / No Comments
“Bind off in pattern” is a pattern instruction that means knit your knits and purl your purls as you bind off. This flattens the bound-off edge. In order to do it right, you’ll need to be able to recognize your knit and purl stitches. Here’s how. Read Post »
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This is a really easy and fast way to close live stitches, without using a tapestry needle. It just requires a crochet hook and a secret move at the beginning to get things set up right.
This bind-off is a stretchy and invisible way to bind-off for 2×2 rib. It is not easy to remember but it is worth doing.
You should be doing this easy bind-off trick at the end of every project. See the results for yourself below – I think you’ll agree.
This is a simple move to neaten the last stitch of your bind-off every time you finish a project.
It’s a little superstar trick that you do at the very end that will square up your edges, especially if your side stitches tend to get stretched-out.
This bind-off trick for knitting in the round totally changed by life. Make the last stitch invisible? It’s a no-brainer.
Every single time you’re binding off in the round, use this trick to make the join completely disappear.
No one will be able to tell where you started and where you stopped.
If you don’t like the look of your bind-off, or if you did it too tight, you can always undo it.
Just work back, one stitch at a time, removing the bind-off and putting the stitch back on your needle.
This is a beginner bind-off that is the basis for most of the bind-offs in this dictionary.
This bind-off is moderately stretchy. It is good for Stockinette stitch fabric and you would it use when you’re just learning how to bind-off or any time you want a basic, no-fuss edge.
This is a fast and easy bind-off that is based on the Standard Bind-Off and is a bit stretchier.
Its main benefit is that it can help your stitches come out more evenly if you have trouble getting a good, even tension on the Standard Bind-Off, especially if the difficulty you have is binding off too tight.
This is an easy, medium speed bind-off. It’s about as stretchy as or a little stretchier than the Standard Bind-Off.
One benefit to this bind-off is that it might help you with your tension, because it’s one of the few bind-offs that doesn’t require you to lift one stitch over another other stitch.
I chose to put this bind-off in the course because it’s a nice building block for some of the more complicated bind-offs.
This is a medium-fast, medium difficulty bind-off that matches the Chain Cast-On.
This is a fast bind-off which I really like.
It’s a good stretchy bind-off for beginners. To be more exact — it is very stretchy for binding off on Stockinette stitch, and moderately stretchy on ribbing.
It also looks decorative, which is unique and unusual for the standard bind-offs.
This is a fantastic stretchy bind-off that even many advanced knitters have not heard of.
It’s one of the three stretchiest standard bind-offs (the other two being the Elastic Bind-Off and EZ Sewn Bind-Off).
It’s also amazing for Garter stitch.
This is a very easy bind-off.
It’s fast and firm and it does not roll, especially if you block it.
The thick braid gives it a simple but decorative look. It would be really nice on the edge of something like a potholder or a dishcloth where you don’t need a stretchy edge and you’d prefer the bind-off to lay flat.
This is a very stretchy sewn bind-off that’s good for beginners. This was famously Elizabeth Zimmerman’s favorite stretchy bind-off (which is what the “EZ” stands for)
It’s great on Garter stitch.
This bind-off is very stretchy but, importantly, bounces easily back into shape. Nobody likes a stretched-out bind-off.
This is a fast, easy bind-off that is minimally stretchy when used on ribbing.
It’s the same thing as the Standard Bind-Off “top” variation, done by alternating knit and purl stitches to make an edge that faces up.
I would consider it “required reading” for beginning knitters.
This is an intermediate bind-off for ribbing that is super stretchy. It is not blazingly fast, but it’s faster than most of the other stretchy bind-offs out there.
This bind-off, also called JSSBO, is a heavy-duty bind-off that stretches out — yes — surprisingly far, and then, accordion-like, springs back into shape. It does this feat better than many other stretchy bind-offs, which either flare when un-stretched or stay stretched out once stretched (and nobody wants that).
This bind-off is very stretchy, with moderate-to-high bounce back, which means it won’t stay stretched out but rather it will bounce back into shape nicely. This bind-off is bulky, especially on 2×2 rib.
It leaves a pronounced edge with a chain of stitches zigzagging along the top.
This is an intermediate bind-off that is super stretchy.
Here’s how it works: After every two stitches that you’re binding off you add one stitch — a yarnover — and then bind it off.
The theory is that when you add more stitches to your bind-off it becomes stretchier. You can even add the yarnover in between every single stitch.
This is an intermediate sewn bind-off that is the stretchiest of all the sewn bind-offs.
Not only is it very stretchy, it also springs back into place nicely.
This is an invisible sewn bind-off that I would consider “required reading” for advanced knitters.
This bind-off is stretchier than the Tubular Bind-Off, so if you’re binding off the cuff of a sock and you have a big foot that you need your bind-off to stretch over, this is the bind-off that I would recommend.
This is a stretchy, advanced bind-off that is totally invisible: the stitches in the ribbing continue over the top edge and onto the other side.
As an added bonus, this bind-off matches the Tubular Cast-On.
I would consider either this or the Invisible Ribbed Bind-Off “required reading” for advanced knitters.
If you want a 2×2 ribbed bind-off that’s stretchy and truly invisible, look no farther than the Kitchener Double-Rib Bind-Off.
The bind-off stitches blend into the 2×2 ribbing perfectly, making it look like the edge is hemmed.
This is an intermediate, medium speed bind-off that is not very stretchy, but which is lovely for other reasons.
The special thing about this bind-off is that it is half-invisible, half-decorative. The columns of knit and purl stitches in the ribbing blend into the right side of the bind-off row in an attractive way that is sort of a cross between an invisible bind-off and a decorative bind-off.
This is a quasi-invisible ribbed bind-off with a firm edge that is not very stretchy.
While not truly invisible, the bind-off edge blends in with the ribbing nicely.
Based on the Cable Bind-Off for 1×1 Rib, this 2×2 rib adaptation calls for you to do each movement twice.
This bind-off is not stretchy, so don’t use it for anything like a mitten, hat, or sock cuff that you need to stretch over a body part to wear it.
It would be great for the edge of anything that is intended to lay flat, like a dishcloth, coaster, or potholder.
This is a great intermediate bind-off that puts a round decorative column along the edge of your stitches to be bound off.
The nice thing about this bind-off is that not only is it decorative, it’s also pretty stretchy.
The edging bind-off is an easy way to add a lace, cable, or decorative border pattern to the edge of your work while simultaneously binding off your knitting.
This is an advanced bind-off that I adapted myself by taking the Picot/Purled Hemmed Edge Cast-On and turning it into a bind-off.
To do it, fold your work at a line of purl bumps or simple lace and bind off the edge to the inside of your knitting.
This makes a perfectly flat, hemmed edge that can be fancy or neutral, depending on which variation you choose.
This is an intermediate, medium-speed bind-off that I highly recommend you learn, mostly because it’s great for binding off on lace projects — as a frilly bind-off it’s actually not very frilly at all.
It does increase the number of stitches that are in the bind-off, which makes the edge wider (thus making it flare out a little bit – hence, the “frill”).
This is a medium-speed frilled bind-off that I see as advanced because it has a lot of steps to remember.
This would be a good bind-off for the top of little girl’s sock, baby booties… anything where you want a little decorative frill.
It’s also very stretchy — this is an increase bind-off, which means that the increased number of stitches along the edge gives it added width and stretch.
This is an intermediate bind-off that is will make a nice, big, girly ruffle, be it at the top of a toe-up baby sock, on the button band of a kimono-style sweater, or at the bottom or top of a girls’ skirt.
The trick to this bind-off isn’t so much in the actual binding-off itself, but in the setups rows that precede the bind-off.
This is an intermediate bind-off that makes little picots along the top of your knitting.
You can make the picot points however high you want. In tutorial I show you a 2-stitch picot bind-off, with added instructions for making the bind-off pointier.
This is an intermediate-to-advanced bind-off that’s done on the wrong side of the work.
It takes a while to do and it results in very small delicate picots.
Russian Grafting is a clever alternative to Kitchener stitch. It uses a crochet hook to seam up two live edges of knitting without ever having to get out your tapestry needle. It also creates a decorative, criss-crossed finish.
This is a medium-speed seaming bind-off that leaves a visible ridged seam. It uses three needles.
The stretchiness of this bind-off depends upon which technique you use to finish it.
There are two pieces to this bind-off: Join the two pieces of knitting into one, and binding off those stitches. If you use a stretchy bind-off to do the second part, the whole bind-off will be stretchy and if you don’t, it won’t.
This is a very stretchy seaming bind-off that leaves a visible zigzag-shaped ridge.
It does have a distinctive zigzag look to it that is similar to Russian grafting, only this one has a pronounced ridge and the bind-off is very stretchy. It also stretches back into place nicely.
You’ll need an extra needle for this bind-off.
This is a strong bind-off that leaves its seam on the wrong side of the work, making it nearly invisible.
It lays mostly flat, and, like the name suggests, requires a third needle.
You would most commonly use this bind-off on the shoulder seam of a sweater to secure the seam firmly (so it doesn’t sag) and to differentiate the back of the sweater from the front.
This is an advanced seaming bind-off that leaves an I-cord along the seam.
It makes a pronounced round ridge, is stretchy and strong, and like the name suggests, requires a third needle.
You would use this on any project where you would want a visible ridge that is shaped like an I-cord (a knitted tube) running along the seam, for example, on a child’s toy or quilt-square-type blanket.
This is an advanced sewn bind-off that is completely flat and invisible. It is slow but it gets faster as you get better at it.
Not only is this a fabulous way to invisibly join two pieces of knitting, this technique is used in a lot of other advanced bind-offs, making it an investment in your future knitting happiness.
I would consider it “required reading” for intermediate knitters.
This is an intermediate bind-off that is like the Standard Bind-Off but that does not use any yarn. It pulls in slightly and is not stretchy.
This is an intermediate bind off that is very firm and pulls in a lot.
It’s a very narrow bind off, and you’ll want to make sure that you use a large needle — at least two to three sizes bigger than the one that you were using on your knitting — so that the bind-off doesn’t pull in too much.
This bind-off is the same as the Double-Stitch Bind-Off, which is done with two different colors to make a striped bind off.
The Picot Chain Bind-Off is an intermediate, medium-speed increase bind-off. This means that you add stitches (yarnovers, in this case) in order to make a wider edge.
This bind-off is good on any knitting that flares out, when you need to make sure that the bind-off also flares out.
The Picot Chain bind-off is similar to the Yarnover Bind-Off in that it uses yarnovers every other stitch in order to increase the width of the bind-off. Unlike the Yarnover bind off, however, there’s no purling involved.
I don’t particularly like the look of the edge, but I still think this bind-off is worthwhile learning. It’s important to know how to add yarnovers wherever you want into your bind off to make it wider -— useful for when you’re winging it.
This is a decorative bind-off that is based on the Cable Bind-Off for 1×1 Rib.
The technique makes the seed-stitch texture seem to continue into the bind-off row.
This is not a stretchy bind-off. Use it on the edge of a potholder or a dishcloth — anything where you don’t need the edge to stretch.
This bind-off looks good over vertical stripes, and, while the bind-off itself is very easy, it involves two-color knitting, which is why I think this bind-off merits an “intermediate” rating.
It based on the Standard Bind-Off, which means it won’t be stretchy enough to top off two-color brioche or anything that needs to stretch much, like Fair-Isle ribbing.
The trick to this bind-off is that you knit the stitches with their opposite color while you do the Standard Bind-Off.
If you have a solid color fabric and you want to finish it with a two-colored bind-off, this is the right choice.
It’s basically the One-Over-Two Bind-Off prepared on the wrong side row and done with alternating colors.
This bind-off has its own section because it’s the only one of its kind.
As the name suggests, this bind-off makes a sloped edge, which you would usually on the shoulder of a sweater.
Use the sloped bind-off any time your pattern calls for you to bind off a few stitches every right-side row to make a slanted edge.
This buttonhole, invented by TechKnitter, can be done over 2 or more stitches.
It creates a strong buttonhole with matching cast-on and bind-off edges that has uniquely strong sides.
You will need a crochet hook and a small double-pointed needle for this bind-off.
Testimonial: So Clear and Well Presented
This was SO clear and well presented. Thanks so much! I especially like how you go at a slow enough pace and have enough repetition that someone can practice along without rewinding over and over. Really well done and greatly appreciated.
– Karen G.
This Bind-Offs guide makes it possible to find the perfect bind-off for any project & to approach the end of a project with confidence.
– Sarah White, Editor, About.com Knitting
Testimonial: So Clear and Simple
Thank you for this wonderful Invisible Ribbed Bind-Off video!! I had to bind-off a 1×1 rib and it looked awful. I poked around and looked at dozens of tutorials for this bindoff, and even another video tutorial, and was starting to despair a little. You made it SO clear and simple, and I did it and it looks great. I put it in a post on my blog. Thanks again!
Testimonial: Better Than 4 Bottles of TylenolIn regards to: Bind-Offs, Cast-Ons
For less than the price of 4 bottles of extra strength Tylenol I just treated myself to the bundled package deal on Cast Ons and Bind Offs. Thank you SO much, Liat, for really thinking these tutorials through and covering all the bases so meticulously.
Truly, the cast on and the bind off are crucial points in every project, no matter how much you spend on gorgeous yarn and no matter how well you execute the rest of an intricate pattern. Casting on and binding off are like launching and landing an aircraft--- ALL important and the difference between success and failure, life or death and 4 bottles of Tylenol and hysterics or a cuppa'n'cruller to celebrate!
Testimonial: Invaluable In My Knitting LibraryIn regards to: Bind-Offs, Cast-Ons
The bind-offs ebook is a very extensive listing and explanation for all Bindoffs- more than I knew existed! This plus the cast on ebook are invaluable in my knitting library. Both are knitter's must-haves.
– Kathleen D.
Testimonial: So Easy to Find a Beautiful Cast-Off
I purchased your "I Love Bind Offs" to have as a resource. When I first received the course I skimmed over it to see what it was like and to know what might help me in the future. Well, that day came today! I have been working on a short swing jacket/sweater that has some seed stitch. The collar is done completely in seed stitch.
As I began to bind it off as the pattern instructed I was not pleased with the way it was finishing off. I thought, "I bet Liat has a bind off that will work better!". I wondered how easy it would be for me to find just the right bind off for my project. It was sooo easy.
I scanned the table of contents and there it was "Bind-offs for Seed St." I read the two ways recommended. The first was just what my pattern had instructed. But the second, "Cable bind-off for seed stitch" was just what I was hoping for.
After taking out my work I first tried 1 needle size smaller--it still looked a little sloppy. I went down another needle size, just like you had said I might need to do, and voila--a beautiful cast off for my color. I'm so happy with it.
– Beth L.
Testimonial: Set the Bar for Knitting Videos
Liat, this new Bind-Offs course is amazing! You have set the bar for knitting books and videos! Congratulations on a job WELL DONE!