A technique in which you knit something out of pure wool and then wash it in hot, soapy water. The garment shrinks and gets thicker as the stitches fuse together. If you have ever shrunk a wool sweater in the washing machine, you’ve done felting.
Knitting back and forth on straight needles to make a piece of knitting that is flat. Examples of things that are knit flat are scarves, dishcloths, and baby blankets. The opposite of flat knitting is round knitting (knitting in the round).
Achieving the gauge called for in your pattern. To do so, make a swatch and check your gauge. If it does not match the gauge specified in your pattern, adjust your needle size up or down and knit a new swatch. Repeat this process until your gauge matches the target gauge.
The shape that yarn is twisted into to make it compact for dyeing and displaying. Hanks must be wound into balls before you can knit with them. Most people incorrectly use the word “skein” for yarn in this shape. I recommend you do the same (unless you’re writing a blog post or something where people will call you out).
Multicolor yarns that change color every few stitches. The frequent color changes break up the different colors and distribute them more or less evenly throughout the finished piece. Misti Alpaca is one company famous for making highly variegated yarn.
The way in which a yarn turns into knitted fabric, or the characteristic of the yarn when it is knitted. How the yarn looks and feels when it has been knitted into stitches.
“This yarn knits up really soft” = “This yarn feels really soft when it’s in a knitted garment.” “This yarn knits up really fast” = “This yarn is so thick that if you knit a project with it you will finish really quickly.”
All the instructions required in order to knit a project.
Knitting patterns are written using abbreviations. The crucial elements of a knitting pattern are 1) size and finished measurements 2) gauge 3) materials 4) knitting instructions, and 5) finishing instructions.
The color of yarn that you or the pattern designer has designated as the main color. This color doesn’t necessarily have to be more dominant in the pattern than any other color. It’s just important to keep straight which one is which, usually by writing it down.
A way of using slipped stitches to create a color design. The trick is that, even though you are using two or more colors, you knit with only one color at at time. This makes mosaic knitting an ideal colorwork technique for beginners.
The fabric created when you purl on the right side of the fabric and knit on the wrong side. In knitting patterns, Reverse Stockinette stitch is abbreviated as “Reverse Stockinette st” and “Rev St st.”
The wrong side of Stockinette stitch is called Reverse Stockinette stitch. It is created by purling on the right side and knitting on the wrong side. If you’re not knitting it as part of a pattern, you can also just knit in regular Stockinette stitch and then turn the fabric over.
To do Reverse Stockinette Stitch
Row 1 (RS) and all RS rows: P. Row 2 and all WS rows: K.
Alternating knit and purl stitches to form a stretchy, reversible fabric. In ribbing, knit and purl stitches stack up in columns. Ribbing can be made of any combination of knits and purls, as long as they stack up. Examples are 1×1 rib, 2×3 rib, 2×4 rib, etc.
The fabric created when you knit on the right side of the fabric and purl on the wrong side. In knitting patterns, Stockinette stitch is abbreviated as “Stockinette st” and “St st.” Stockinette stitch is also called Stocking stitch.
In knitting, the word “tail” can refer to two things. 1) A tail is any end of yarn sticking out after you finish a project. Tails must be woven in to prevent unraveling. Whenever cutting a piece of yarn, always leave at least a 6-in. (15 cm) tail so that you can weave it in later. This type of tail is also called an “end.” 2) In doing any kind of long-tail cast-on, the tail is the strand of yarn coming from your needle that is not the working yarn.
The official thickness category a yarn falls into. E.g. worsted weight and bulky weight are two standard thicknesses (weights) of yarn. NB: A yarn’s weight in this sense isn’t directly related to its actual physical weight in ounces or grams. That has more to do with the density of the yarn.